Practical ways to develop students’ critical thinking skills - Extra Credit

 

how to develop critical thinking skills in students

Students need to "develop and effectively apply critical thinking skills to their academic studies, to the complex problems that they will face, and to the critical choices they will be forced to make as a result of the information explosion and other rapid technological changes" (Oliver & Utermohlen, p. 1). If we wish to advance and discover new wondrous solutions to the plethora of problems surrounding us then we must push teachers to develop critical thinking in their students from a young age. Here is a list of ways tutors may generate powerful critical thinking skills in their students which will serve them well for the rest of their lives. The design of teaching-learning methodology and assessments exhibiting student learning outcomes are critical to enhance critical thinking among students. The discovery mode of learning guided by specific learning objectives and expected outcomes through collaborative method puts their critical thinking skills and abilities to test.


10 Awesome Tips for Teaching Critical Thinking Skills


Critical thinking is a higher-order cognitive skill that is indispensable to students, readying them to respond to a variety of complex problems that are sure to arise in their personal and professional lives. Below is an image that represents each of these skills Facione,Critical thinking: What it is and why it counts.

When students think critically, they actively engage in these processes:. To create environments that engage students in these processes, instructors need to ask questions, encourage the expression of diverse opinions, and involve students in a variety of hands-on activities that force them to be involved in their learning. Instructors should select activities based on the level of thinking they want students to do and the learning objectives for the course or assignment.

The chart below describes questions to ask in order to show that students can demonstrate different levels of critical thinking. Online instructors can use technology tools to create activities that help students develop both lower-level and higher-level critical thinking skills.

Critical thinking is an invaluable skill that students need to be successful in their professional and personal lives. Instructors can be thoughtful and purposeful about creating learning objectives that promote lower and higher-level critical thinking skills, and about using technology to implement activities that support these learning objectives.

Below are some additional resources about critical thinking. Carmichael, E. Lai, E. Critical thinking: A literature review. Landers, H n. Lynch, C. Mandernach, B. Thinking critically about critical thinking: Integrating online tools to Promote Critical Thinking. Insight: A collection of faculty scholarship1 Yang, Y. Digital storytelling for enhancing student academic achievement, critical thinking, and learning motivation: A year-long experimental study.

Brilliant post. Will be sharing this on our Twitter refthinking. I would love to chat to you about our tool, the Thinking How to develop critical thinking skills in students. Excellent share! Can I know few tools which help in developing critical thinking skills to students? Any help will be appreciated. Understand the links between ideas. Determine the importance and relevance of arguments and ideas.

Recognize, build and appraise arguments. Thanks for sharing the article. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. What Is Critical Thinking? Types of Critical Thinking Skills Instructors should select activities based on the level of thinking they want students to do and the learning objectives for the course or assignment.

What are the principles of …? How does … tie in with what we learned before? Understanding explain, generalize, estimate, predict, describe Summarize…or explain… What will happen if? What does…. Higher levels Applying carry out, use, implement, show, how to develop critical thinking skills in students, solve What would happen if…? How could…be used to…? What is the counterargument for.?

Analyzing compare, organize, deconstruct Why is…important? What are the implications of…? What is the best. How does…affect? Creating construct, plan, design, produce What is the solution to the problem? What do you think causes.? What is another way to look at? Reflection activities. Reflection activities provide students with opportunities to track their learning and demonstrate their progress throughout the semester.

To enhance the level of critical thinking students do through reflective activities, tell students to cite course materials that have helped them advance their knowledge and thinking. Example: Use Google Doc, a collaboration feature in Canvas, and tell students to keep a journal in which they reflect on what they are learning, describe the progress they are making in the class, and cite course materials that have been most relevant to their progress.

Students can share the Google Doc with you, and instructors can comment on their work. Peer review activities. Example: Use the peer review assignment feature in Canvas and manually or automatically form peer review groups. Tell students to give feedback to two of their peers on the first draft of a research paper, how to develop critical thinking skills in students. Use the rubric feature in Canvas to create a rubric for students to use.

Show students the rubric along with the assignment instructions so that students know what they will be evaluated on and how to evaluate their peers. Discussion forums. Discussion forums allow students to communicate with their peers, answer questions that require them to demonstrate both lower-level and higher-level critical thinking skills, and analyze course content.

When instructors set clear guidelines for participation and model critical thinking skills through their participation in discussion forums, students can also demonstrate how they are engaging in the critical thinking process, how to develop critical thinking skills in students.

Example: Use the discussions feature in Canvas and tell students to have a debate about a video how to develop critical thinking skills in students watched. Pose the debate questions in the discussion forum, and give students instructions to take a side of the debate and cite course readings to support their arguments.

Small group activities. Small group activities allow students to communicate, problem solve, hear different perspectives, and collaborate to analyze and synthesize course content. By assigning small group activities, instructors can engage students in multiple levels of critical thinking.

Example: Us e goreacta tool for creating and commenting on online presentations, how to develop critical thinking skills in students, and tell students to design a presentation that summarizes and raises questions about a reading. Students can post the links to their goreact presentations in a discussion forum or an assignment using the insert link feature in Canvas.

Digital Storytelling Activities. Telling digital stories allows students to use multimedia images, audio, video to present information.

Digital stories can include 1 personal narratives, 2 stories that document events, and 3 stories that inform and instruct. Creating digital stories allows students to evaluate, reflect on, or analyze course content Robin,Digital storytelling: A powerful technology tool for the 21st century classroom. In the story, tell students to offer specific examples of readings and class activities that they are finding most relevant to their professional work.

Links to the goreact presentation and Google doc can be submitted via a discussion forum or an assignment in Canvas. The Powerpoint file can be submitted via a discussion or submitted in an assignment. Pulling it All Together Critical thinking is an invaluable skill that students need to be successful in their professional and personal lives. Additional Resources Articles Carmichael, E. Hi there, Brilliant post.

Thanks, Natalie. Pingback: Magacus Pearltrees. Pingback: Homepage. Reed Teaches Math. Technology needs to be advance to develop the below factors: Understand the links between ideas. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. What do we already know about…? Summarize…or explain… What will happen if? What would happen if…? How to develop critical thinking skills in students is…important? Why is…happening?

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Developing Critical Thinking in Students

 

how to develop critical thinking skills in students

 

If we wish to advance and discover new wondrous solutions to the plethora of problems surrounding us then we must push teachers to develop critical thinking in their students from a young age. Here is a list of ways tutors may generate powerful critical thinking skills in their students which will serve them well for the rest of their lives. Students need to "develop and effectively apply critical thinking skills to their academic studies, to the complex problems that they will face, and to the critical choices they will be forced to make as a result of the information explosion and other rapid technological changes" (Oliver & Utermohlen, p. 1). The design of teaching-learning methodology and assessments exhibiting student learning outcomes are critical to enhance critical thinking among students. The discovery mode of learning guided by specific learning objectives and expected outcomes through collaborative method puts their critical thinking skills and abilities to test.